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TURKEY’S COMMITMENTS
AT THE WORLD HUMANITARIAN SUMMIT 

Political Leadership to Prevent and End Conflicts 

Core Commitment 1: Commit to act early upon potential conflict situations based on early warning findings and shared conflict analysis, in accordance with international law.

Core Commitment 2: Commit to improve prevention and peaceful resolution capacities at the national, regional and international level improving the ability to work on multiple crises simultaneously.

Core Commitment 3: Commit to sustain political leadership and engagement through all stages of a crisis to prevent the emergence or relapse into conflict.

Core Commitment 4: Commit to address root causes of conflict and work to reduce fragility by investing in the development of inclusive, peaceful societies.

Core Commitment 5: Commit to make successful conflict prevention visible by capturing, consolidating and sharing good practices and lessons learnt.

National Commitments

Under “Core Commitment 1”:

Turkey commits to continue its work for raising awareness of mediation as an effective tool for peaceful settlement of disputes, conflict prevention and resolution, in particular through the Group of Friends of Mediation within the UN, which was established in 2010 within the framework of the Turkey-Finland joint initiative of Mediation for Peace.

Turkey will continue to support all efforts for the reform of the UN Security Council, to eliminate the major obstacles which prevent its effective functioning, in particular the use of veto power.

In this regard, Turkey reiterates its support for the “Code of Conduct regarding Security Council action against genocide, crimes against humanity or war crimes” proposed by the ACT Group (Accountability, Coherence, Transparency Group), as well as the initiative by France and Mexico for the suspension of the veto in case of mass atrocities.

Joint Committment with Finland:

Turkey (and Finland) commit(s) to enhance the visibility of mediation efforts and to bring mediation to the core of UN peace work. Through the work of the Group, Turkey (and Finland) will strive to strengthen the normative basis of mediation and enhance the UN mediation support capacities. Turkey (and Finland) will also capture, consolidate and disseminate good practices and lessons learnt on conflict prevention.

Under “Core Commitment 2”:

In order to increase the effectiveness of mediation efforts, Turkey commits to continue encouraging effective cooperation between the United Nations and regional and sub-regional organizations, in line with General Assembly Resolution 68/303.

Turkey commits to continue its financial contribution to the mediation efforts of the UN.

Turkey commits to continue its active engagement in the resolution of regional problems in its near abroad and beyond, through the Trilateral / Multilateral Cooperation Mechanisms like the ones launched with the participation of Serbia and Croatia to achieve lasting peace and stability in Bosnia-Herzegovina and the mechanism implemented with Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Under “Core Commitment 3”:

Turkey commits to assist the Secretary General and the Member States who are willing to draw a well-prepared and comprehensive framework for their mediation efforts that would take psychological, intellectual, ethical and methodological dimensions into account.

Turkey will continue to strive to increase and strengthen women’s participation in mediation.

Turkey will continue to support the efforts of the Secretary General for the review of the UN peacebuilding and peacekeeping activities with an understanding “to bring conflict prevention and mediation back to the fore”. In this regard, Turkey will be supportive of efforts for providing the UN with the necessary financial means for realizing this objective.

Under “Core Commitment 4”:

Turkey commits to allocating additional, predictable resources to the Peacebuilding Fund in the manner of 1 Million US Dollars by 2020 (200.000 USD annually for a period of 5 years) to allow the Fund to continue operations at the current level of 100 Million by year.

In addressing the root causes of crises and in ending human suffering, Turkey will work together with the United Nations to take due consideration of the humanitarian aspects in all mediation and conflict resolution efforts, in line with the findings of the World Humanitarian Summit.

Turkey commits to continue providing strong political and financial support to the United Nations Alliance of Civilizations initiative.

The Alliance, which Turkey co-sponsors with Spain, remains as one the major international initiatives for promoting harmony, dialogue and peaceful co-existence based on mutual respect for the development of peaceful and inclusive societies.

Under “Core Commitment 5”:

Turkey will assist the Secretary General in raising awareness regarding the complementary aspects between Alliance of Civilizations and Mediation for Peace, in order to create synergies and fully realize each initiative’s aims and purposes. To this end, Turkey invites all Member States and relevant stakeholders to contribute to the replenishment of sustainable and predictable financial and human resources for these two initiatives.

Turkey commits to further develop academic and expert studies concerning contemporary challenges of the humanitarian work in light of its recent experiences. With this aim, a special academic research center on humanitarian issues has recently been established in the Gaziantep University. 

 

Leaving No One Behind: A Commitment to Address Forced Displacement

Core Commitment 1: Commit to a new approach to addressing forced displacement that not only meets immediate humanitarian needs but reduces vulnerability and improves the resilience, self-reliance and protection of refugees and IDPs. Commit to implementing this new approach through coherent international, regional and national efforts that recognize both the humanitarian and development challenges of displacement. Commit to take the necessary political, policy, legal and financial steps required to address these challenges for the specific context.

Core Commitment 3: Acknowledge the global public good provided by countries and communities which are hosting large numbers of refugees. Commit to providing communities with large numbers of displaced population or receiving large of number of returnees with the necessary political, policy and financial, support to address the humanitarian and socio-economic impact. To this end, commit to strengthen multilateral financing instruments. Commit to foster host communities’ self-reliance and resilience, as part of the comprehensive and integrated approach outlined in core commitment 1.

Core Commitment 4: Commit to collectively work towards a Global Compact on responsibility-sharing for refugees to safeguard the rights of refugees, while also effectively and predictably supporting States affected by such movements.

National Commitments

Under “Core Commitment 1”:

Turkey, as currently hosting the largest group of refugees in the world, commits actively to work on, to encourage and to support new approaches for addressing the issues related to forced displacement in light of the principles of “shared responsibility” and “burden sharing”.

Turkey commits to cooperate with other countries that are hosting large refugee groups and to encourage them to develop similar approaches where appropriate.

Turkey commits to continue sharing its experience and “know-how” regarding the national mechanisms and services for those under temporary protection in Turkey with other partners and stakeholders at the regional and international level.

Under “Core Commitment 2”:

Turkey commits to include assistance projects for refugees in its development planning and to encourage similar medium and long term approaches at the regional and global level.

Turkey will continue its efforts in providing social protection, security and access to justice as well as health and education services for Syrians under temporary protection in order to strengthen their resilience and self-reliance.

Turkey commits to share the results of the implementation of employment policies for Syrians under temporary protection based on the legislation on labour market access adopted in January 2016, with a view to encouraging similar approaches across the globe.

Turkey commits to continue to work on ensuring full access of Syrians under temporary protection to education and vocational training. In this context, Turkey will strive to provide such services in Turkish and Arabic, in line with national standards.

Turkey will continue to take a leading role in the fight against xenophobia and hate speech specifically targeting the victims of forced displacement and to support national and international initiatives to this end.

Under “Core Commitment 3”:

Turkey commits to work on increasing the recognition and visibility of the contributions of refugee hosting countries and communities in the global humanitarian system.

Turkey will continue to seek and encourage strong regional and international cooperation for overcoming the challenges posed by the large movement of refugees and migrants, based on the principle of shared responsibilities at the global level.

Under “Core Commitment 4”:

Turkey will continue to encourage joint analysis and engagement by development and humanitarian actors, as the needs of refugee groups cannot be met only on the basis of short term strategies.

Turkey commits to support new approaches and efforts to explore, develop and adopt innovative means in cooperation with the private sector at national, regional and global levels to facilitate investments in the recipient countries to enhance employment and income generation opportunities. 

Turkey calls on the international community to further support UNHCR in its efforts to achieve a genuine and functioning resettlement programme. In light of the fact that only limited number of states offer resettlement on a regular basis and allocate annual resettlement quotas, Turkey proposes the establishment of an international quota system, for fair burden-sharing.

 

Changing People's Lives: From Delivering Aid to Ending Need

Core Commitment 1: Commit to a new way of working that meets people’s immediate humanitarian needs, while at the same time reducing risk and vulnerability over multiple years through the achievement of collective outcomes.

To achieve this, commit to the following:

* Anticipate, Do Not Wait: to invest in risk analysis and to incentivize early action in order to minimize the impact and frequency of known risks and hazards on people.

* Reinforce, Do Not Replace: to support and invest in local, national and regional leadership, capacity strengthening and response systems, avoiding duplicative international mechanisms wherever possible.

* Preserve and retain emergency capacity: to deliver predictable and flexible urgent and life-saving assistance and protection in accordance with humanitarian principles.

* Transcend Humanitarian-Development Divides: work together, toward collective outcomes that ensure humanitarian needs are met, while at the same time reducing risk and vulnerability over multiple years and based on the comparative advantage of a diverse range of actors. The primacy of humanitarian principles will continue to underpin humanitarian action.

Commitment 2: Commit to enable coherent financing that avoids fragmentation by supporting collective outcomes over multiple years, supporting those with demonstrated comparative advantage to deliver in context.

National Commitments:

Under “Core Commitment 1”:

Turkey reiterates its determination to continue working in conflict affected countries to create a conducive environment for ensuring stability and resilience.

Turkey commits to continue its humanitarian assistance efforts, focusing  not only on  the vital and urgent needs of the affected people, but also on their medium and long term needs, in order to strengthen their resilience where needed. In this regard, Turkey will continue to make sure that its urgent humanitarian assistance teams also include experts in the development field, for the transition from humanitarian assistance to development assistance where needed.

Turkey commits to maintain and further develop effective coordination and cooperation among its public actors to ensure maximum impact of its assistance in fragile and conflict affected states and to encourage and support similar efforts among different actors of the global humanitarian system.

Turkey commits to encourage and support the active participation of its non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in humanitarian interventions with a view to aligning actions for sustainable development goals.

Under “Core Commitment 2”:

Turkey will continue to strengthen the ongoing coordination among its national institutions in charge of development and humanitarian assistance in order to ensure the planning and distribution of financial resources in an efficient and effective manner.

Turkey reiterates its readiness to share its experience and expertise in its policies helping to overcome humanitarian-development divide for the benefit of those in need in relevant crises such as ones of recurrent and protracted nature.

 

Natural Disasters and Climate Change: Managing Risks and Crises Differently

Core Commitment 1: Commit to accelerate the reduction of disaster and climate-related risks through the coherent implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change, as well as other relevant strategies and programs of action, including the SIDS Accelerated Modalities of Action (SAMOA) Pathway.

Core Commitment 2: Commit to reinforce national and local leadership and capacities in managing disaster and climate-related risks through strengthened preparedness and predictable response and recovery arrangements.

Core Commitment 3: Commit to improve the understanding, anticipation and preparedness for disaster and climate-related risks by investing in data, analysis and early warning, and developing evidence-based decision-making processes that result in early action.

Core Commitment 4: Commit to increase investment in building community resilience as a critical first line of response, with the full and effective participation of women.

Core Commitment 5: Commit to ensure regional and global humanitarian assistance for disasters complements national and local efforts.

National Commitments

Under “Core Commitment 1”:

Turkey supports the commitments under the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

Turkey commits to implement the requirements of The United Nations Convention on Combatting Desertification (UNCCD) and to strengthen the Convention’s implementation.

Turkey commits to join the efforts in achieving Land Degradation Neutrality by 2030.

Turkey commits to implement the requirements of the “The Ankara Initiative”.  Under the Ankara Initiative;

Turkey commits to support activities which aim to assist those countries, working on developing against land degradation and drought and promoting Sustainable Land Management, and on enhancing rights to property and resources, especially for women and most vulnerable groups.

Turkey commits to support the works which aims to understand the linkages between Land Degradation, Drought and Desertification and social instability and migration.

Turkey commits to support the works, through technical training, for the establishment and development of drought early warning systems in the most vulnerable countries.

Under “Core Commitment 2”:

Turkey will continue to develop effective models and programmes at the national level in order to reduce possible future risks and losses, with the aim of creating a disaster resilient society.

Turkey will share its “Disaster-Prepared Turkey” project with the international community in order to create further awareness for better disaster-preparedness at the national, regional and global levels.

Under “Core Commitment 3”:

Turkey commits to effectively support seismic retrofit strategies.

Under “Core Commitment 5”:

Turkey will continue to share national models, programmes and good practices and expand cooperation at the regional and international levels. 

 

Uphold the Norms that Safeguard Humanity

Core commitment 1: Commit to promote and enhance respect for international humanitarian law, international human rights law, and refugee law, where applicable.

Core Commitment 3: Commit to ensure all populations in need receive rapid and unimpeded humanitarian assistance.

Core commitment 4: Commit to promote and enhance efforts to respect and protect medical personnel, transports and facilities, as well as humanitarian relief personnel and assets against attacks, threats or other violent acts.

National Commitments

Under “Core Commitment 2”:

Turkey will continue to support all initiatives directed towards limiting the use of veto power, which prevents the Security Council from taking decisive action to protect civilians against massive human rights violations.

In this regard, Turkey reiterates its support for the “Code of Conduct regarding Security Council action against genocide, crimes against humanity or war crimes” proposed by the ACT Group (Accountability, Coherence, Transparency Group), as well as the initiative by France and Mexico for the  suspension of the veto in case of mass atrocities”.

Turkey commits to continue its efforts to strengthen its institutional, intellectual and training capacities on International Humanitarian Law.

Under “Core Commitment 3”:

Turkey holds the view that responsibility to protect is implemented not only through military means but also by humanitarian assistance. In this regard, Turkey will continue to contribute to efforts of the UN on developing the appropriate framework for the implementation of the “Responsibility to Protect” (RtP), also duly taking into account this aspect of the issue.

Turkey commits to continue its ongoing efforts to ensure that all populations in need receive rapid and unimpeded humanitarian assistance. Turkey will continue to participate in the discussions at various fora with a constructive approach.

Turkey will continue to draw the attention of all the stakeholders to the need for evading steps that will result in legitimization of terrorist organizations while extending humanitarian assistance and also the need for preventing these organizations to abuse humanitarian action. 

 

Women and Girls: Catalyzing Action to Achieve Gender Equality

Commitment 1: Empower Women and Girls as change agents and leaders, including by increasing support for local women’s groups to participate meaningfully in humanitarian action.

Commitment 4: Ensure that humanitarian programming is gender responsive.

National Commitments

Under “Core Commitment 1”:

Turkey will continue to take appropriate steps to strengthen the leadership role of women in temporary protection centers for Syrians in Turkey and among the displaced communities in this regard. Turkey will also continue to make the necessary legal arrangements which will allow women and girls to benefit from education services, financial aid and legal working permits on an equal footing with men.

Turkey will continue to support displaced women and girls by providing them with effective access to education at all levels and will continue its efforts, to the greatest extent possible, with a view to awareness raising to prevent early and forced marriages.

Under “Core Commitment 4”:

Turkey will strive to ensure that humanitarian assistance and disaster response manuals are prepared in a gender sensitive way by duly taking into account the needs of women and girls. For this purpose, the contribution of the civil society organizations and academicians will also be sought.

 

Humanitarian Financing: Investing in Humanity

Core Commitment 2: Commit to empower national and local humanitarian action by increasing the share of financing accessible to local and national humanitarian actors and supporting the enhancement of their national delivery systems, capacities and preparedness planning.

Core Commitment 3: Commit to promote and increase predictable, multi-year, unearmarked, collaborative and flexible humanitarian funding toward greater efficiency, effectiveness, transparency and accountability of humanitarian action for affected people.

Core Commitment 4: Commit to invest in risk management, preparedness and crisis prevention capacity to build the resilience of vulnerable and affected people.

Core Commitment 5: Commit to broaden and adapt the global instruments and approaches to meet urgent needs, reduce risk and vulnerability and increase resilience, without adverse impact on humanitarian principles and overall action (as also proposed in Round Table 6 on “Changing Lives”).

National Commitments

Under “Core Commitment 2”:

Turkey commits to work on the implementation of “public-private partnership” in the humanitarian assistance field. Turkey strongly believes that this approach will help to ensure the effective use of limited resources, strengthen the accountability and transparency of the system and prevent the recurrence of humanitarian crises,

Turkey will strive to enhance its planning and coordination efforts at the national level with the aim of increasing the contributions of individuals, civil society organizations and the private sector in the humanitarian field and carry out due consultation processes with these stakeholders to this end.

Under “Core Commitment 3”:

Turkey calls for more support and funding tools to frontline responders, by reconfiguring the international financing system to allow critical front-line responding actors, particularly national governments, to access adequate, timely and quality funding on a fair basis by:

Providing support to capacity investment for frontline responders on a multi-year basis and bringing development approaches and expertise to bear on these efforts, and funding these activities both out of their humanitarian and development budget lines. 

Significantly increasing long-term investment in the functional and operational capacity of frontline responders.

Creating incentives for international actors to channel a greater proportion of their funds, on reasonable terms, to local and national front-line responders,

Reducing barriers to accessing funding by simplifying and harmonizing partner capacity assessments and application and reporting requirements,

Ensuring front-line responders are included in collective coordination platforms and response processes have a seat at the table in collective response processes.

Currently hosting the largest number of refugees in the world, Turkey will continue to emphasize the primary importance of fair burden sharing by the international community in dealing with large flows of refugees and migrants. The neighboring countries which currently bear the brunt of this burden have to be supported on a sustainable basis.

Turkey will continue to share its “know-how” relating to innovative practices like the e-food cards for financially assisting Syrians living in temporary protection centers. We will strive to enhance our resort to such assistance means, which prioritizes respect for human dignity.

Under “Core Commitment 4”:

Turkey will continue to strengthen the ongoing coordination among its national institutions in charge of development and humanitarian assistance in order to ensure the planning and distribution of financial resources in a most efficient and effective manner.

Under “Core Commitment 5”:

Turkey will continue to support the capacity building projects in countries affected by ongoing crises through bilateral assistance programs with a view to increasing resilience at the local and national level.