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Situated in a disaster-prone geography, Turkey has a strong tradition of responding to those in need, not only in times of natural disaster, but also on a periodical basis. Learning from its own painful experiences, Turkey is an ardent advocate of international solidarity and partnership with a view to building a safer world, saving human lives and protecting the environment. Turkey further believes that a comprehensive development can only be achieved through a sustainable and collective strategy.
Situated in a disaster-prone geography, Turkey has a strong tradition of responding to those in need. In fact, Turkey’s land has historically been moulded with humanitarianism. Based on such heritage, we have always extended our caring hand to those in need in their own countries or in third countries, to the extent possible. Today, Turkey also hosts over 3 millions of refugees fleeing from the neighboring countries in grand despair. So, sharing their suffering closely, we directly witness and deeply feel how affected and forcefully displaced communities go through such harsh ordeals. Today, Turkey has become the biggest refugee-hosting nation in the World. Turkey is also the world’s “most generous” humanitarian donor when the ratio of official humanitarian assistance to national income is taken into consideration.
Designation of Turkey as the host of the World Humanitarian Summit is the sign of international community’s admiration for the tireless efforts of Turkey.
The Summit, co-hosted by Turkey and the UN Secretary General, would gather the world leaders with the affected communities and would seek answers for the urgent challenges to the future of the system together with NGOs, private sector and representatives of other stakeholders.
Turkey taking this opportunity would also share its experiences and exemplary practices in this field.
Today, as no country is immune from humanitarian crisis, responding to these crisis is not only an international responsibility but also a moral obligation. Turkey, with this understanding, awaits you to embrace the future of humanity.

Objectives

  • To take concrete steps in order to respond to the current humanitarian crises in the fastest and the most effective way and to identify preventive policies towards the humanitarian crises.
  • To emphasize the global responsibility and ownership of the humanitarian community.

Participants

  • Heads of States and Governments
  • Representatives of the International NGOs
  • Civil Society Leaders
  • Representatives from Crisis-Affected Communities
  • Private Sector Representatives

Themes

  • Dignity
  • Safety
  • Resilience
  • Partnerships
  • Finance

TURKEY’S URGENT HUMANITARIAN AID

Turkey’s Official Humanitarian Assistance in 2013 was 1.6 billion US Dollars.

Turkey’s total foreign aid has risen to 6.4 billion US Dollars with an increase by%47 in 2014.

Turkey's Official Development Assistance (ODA) has increased by %8.6 in the last year and 42 fold in the last 12 years.

According to the Global Humanitarian Assistance Report, Turkey became the 3rd largest aid donor after the USA and the UK.

Turkey became “the most generous” donor country in terms of the share of its GDP in 2013.

TURKEY’S EXEMPLARY APPROACH

Responding to the recurrent and protracted humanitarian crises with the development-focused humanitarian assistance.

IN THE WORLD

Number of people in need of humanitarian aid has doubled in the last 10 years.

Every year, over 100 million people are faced with natural disasters.

In 2016, 125 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance .

If 60 million people affected by wars and conflicts were the population of a country, it would be the 24th most populous country of the world.

SINCE 2015

In Iraq, 8.2 million people have become in need of humanitarian aid.

In Syria, over 4.5 million people have been forced to flee their homes. 4.8 million Syrians are currently living under difficult conditions in their homeland.

In Sudan, 1.5 million people have been displaced due to the conflicts.

In Ukraine, 5 million people are in need of assistance.

MILLION

displaced people due to wars, violence and crises

MILLION

internally displaced people

MILLION

refugees and asylum-seekers

The Most Refugee Producing Countries

Syria

Syria

4.7 million people
Afghanistan

Afghanistan

2.6 million people
Somalia

Somalia

1.11 million people
Sudan

Sudan

666 thousand people
Congo

Congo

516.8 thousand people

The Most Refugee Hosting Countries

Turkey

Turkey

2.7 million people
Pakistan

Pakistan

1.5 million people
Lebanon

Lebanon

1.17 million people
Iran

Iran

982 thousand people
Ethiopia

Ethiopia

700 thousand people

Syrian Asylum-Seekers

Turkey’s total humanitarian aid for Syrians

10 BILLION DOLARS

International Support to Turkey for Syrians

455 million dollars*

*Turkish Disaster and Management Authority, 18.02.2016

World Humanitarian Summit 2016

During the 68th session of the General Assembly of the United Nations on 26 September 2013, the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon declared Istanbul as the host of the first-ever World Humanitarian Summit (WHS). In his statement, the Secretary General emphasized both Turkey’s position as one of the world’s leading humanitarian donors, and Turkey’s own experience in directly responding to humanitarian emergencies.

Situated in a disaster-prone geography, Turkey has a strong tradition of responding to those in need. In fact, Turkey’s land has historically been moulded with humanitarianism. As early as in the late 15th century, Turks provided a safe harbor to several hundreds of thousands of exiled populations fleeing from persecution.
Since then, Turks have embraced countless peoples in dire need, regardless of their religious, ethnic or linguistic backgrounds, throughout history. Based on such heritage, modern Turkey has always provided humanitarian assistance to peoples in need, either by hosting them or helping them in their own countries or in third countries, to the extent possible.

Built on its own experiences, in recent times, this humanitarianism has been vividly reflected in Turkey’s humanitarian diplomacy. This diplomacy has a broader meaning than humanitarian assistance which is yet an important tool of it. Humanitarian diplomacy, as Turkey applies, is a human-centered and conscience-driven policy with particular attention to human dignity and development, in countries where humanitarian crises of all sorts occur.
 
Today, “Turkey has become the biggest refugee-hosting nation in the world”,to quote the UN High Commissioner for Refugees when launching the annual Global Trends Report on 18 June 2015 in Turkey. At the same time, Turkey is a donor country that provides humanitarian assistance to various countries around the globe. This unique experience yet enables Turkey to see both sides of the same coin, i.e. all issues pertaining to the present humanitarian system.
Turkey’s humanitarian vision is, as the goodness center of the world, to assist promptly to victims in need of humanitarian relief and to alleviate the long-lasting impacts of natural and man-made disasters, with a view to also enhancing regional and global peace and welfare, without discrimination.
Today, Turkey’s humanitarian response is directed to all types of crises ranging from conflict situations to natural disasters and epidemics, such as Ebola. The system has institutionally three major pillars operating under the coordination of the Turkish Foreign Ministry, namely, the Disaster and Emergency Management Authority (AFAD), the Turkish Red Crescent and the Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TİKA), the latter focusing on social and economic development through technical cooperation projects, whereas the former two focus more on humanitarian relief. They all operate also in close coordination with relevant civil society organizations as appropriate. Accordingly, specialized Ministries, such as the Ministry of Health, Ministry of Environment and Urbanization, as well as the Ministry of Forestry and Water Affairs, substantially contribute to the programs in their areas of expertise.
These institutions play roles in distribution of humanitarian aids in kind, fulfilment of development aids and evacuation of injured people. Moreover, Turkey has a flexible humanitarian assistance system as regards to regulations, budget and the decision-making process. These characteristics facilitate swift and prompt humanitarian assistance.
As regards the aspect of funding, there exists a fund allocated to humanitarian assistance operations which can be transferred to any government or non-governmental organization for this purpose in accordance with the relevant legislation. This fund, which is used not only in project based operations, but also for fulfilling urgent humanitarian needs, facilitates to act in a speedy manner in humanitarian operations. On the other hand, the accounts that were established for aid campaigns are ready to be used. In addition to these resources, Prime Ministry Special Grant stands ready to be used when necessary.
Turkey shares the view that the current international humanitarian system, which was established 25 years ago, can no longer adequately address the increasing complexity of today’s humanitarian crises. As recent UN humanitarian appeals show, the needs are simply staggering and are far outpacing our ability to respond effectively. The number of refugees and IDPs around the world has reached its highest level since the second World War. The global humanitarian system is running out of funds, whereas affected people are running out of time.
In this context, Turkey believes that the WHS will play a crucial role in assisting the international community, together with all the relevant stakeholders, in finding innovative and inclusive ways to kick-start the humanitarian machine by rectifying it with necessary tools based on the lessons-learned in the face of the present challenges. In this process, affected peoples need to be put back at the center of humanitarian action. The WHS should pave the way for concrete measures and propositions to address the following issues, many of which have already emerged from the preparatory consultations so far:
  • Increasing number of humanitarian emergencies  becoming more complex,
  • Humanitarian system and coordination to be less bureaucratic and less fragmented, but more result-oriented with the revision of relevant procedures and rules as appropriate,
  • Humanitarian-development nexus to be strengthened in a coherent manner,
  • Refugee issues including better burden sharing to be addressed urgently and vigorously,
  • Community-based approaches to be applied to the possible extent,
  • Humanitarian response to be more localized, more user-oriented,
  • Mutual trust among international humanitarian actors to be further strengthened through accountability and transparency mechanisms,
  • Private sector to be more involved as a partner in planning and implementation of response,
  • Financing gap to be bridged, with innovative approaches ensuring better sustainability and predictability,
  • International humanitarian law (IHL) to be respected and revised as appropriate and compliance to IHL to be strengthened,
  • Humanitarian access to be   improved, especially in conflict zones.

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